Case Study: Financial Management
One of the important duties of a nurse leader is to manage personnel and personnel budgets. In this assignment, you will assume the role of a nurse manager. You will use given data to make important decisions regarding budgets and staffing.
Some nurse managers have computer spreadsheets or software applications to help them make decisions regarding budgets and staffing. You will only need simple mathematical operations* to perform the needed calculations in this assignment because the scenario has been simplified. Furthermore, some data have been provided for you that a nurse leader might need to gather or compute in a real setting. Still, you will get a glimpse of the complexity of responsibilities nurse leaders shoulder regarding financial management.
· To calculate the percent of the whole a given number represents, follow these steps: Case Study: Financial Management
Change the percentage to a decimal number by moving the decimal twice to the left (or dividing by 100).
Multiply the new decimal number by the whole.
Example: What is 30% of 70?
30%= .30; (.30) × 70 = 21
· To find out what percentage a number represents in relation to the whole, follow these steps:
Divide the number by the whole (usually the small number by the large number).
Change the decimal answer to percent by moving the decimal twice to the right (or multiplying by 100).
Example: What percent of 45 is 10? Case Study: Financial Management
10 ÷ 45 = .222; so, 10 is 22% of 45.
* You will only need addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division.
Case Study
You are the manager for 3 West, a medical/surgical unit. You have been given the following data to assist you in preparing your budget for the upcoming fiscal year.
Patient Data
ADC: 54
Budget based on 5.4 Avg. HPPD
(5.4 HPPD excludes head nurse and unit secretaries)
Staff Data
Total FTEs 37.0 Variable FTEs Case Study: Financial Management
1.0 Nurse Manager
2.2 Unit Secretaries
40.2 Total FTEs
Staffing Mix
RN 65%
LVN 20%
NA 15%
Average Salary Scale per Employee
(Fringe benefits are 35% of salaries)
Nurse Manager  $77,999.00 per year 
Registered Nurses (RN)  $36.00 per hour 
Licensed Vocational Nurses (LVN)  $24.00 per hour 
Nurse Aides (NA)  $13.50 per hour 
Unit Secretary (US)  $11.25 per hour 
Rubric
Use this rubric to guide your work on this assignment.
Criteria  Target  Acceptable  Unacceptable 
Question 1  Both % and FTEs column totals within ± 2 of correct answers
(1316 Points) 
Either % or FTEs column totals within ± 2 of correct answers
(512 points) 
Neither % nor FTEs column totals within ± 2 of correct answers
(04 points) 
Question 2  All column (except Hours and Salary) totals within ± 2 of correct answers
(1720 Points) 
At least 4 column totals within ± 2 of correct answers
(516 points) 
Less than 4 column totals within ± 2 of correct answers
(04 points) 
Question 3
A. Table 
All six values within ± 2 of correct answers
(68 points) 
At least five values within ± 2 of correct answers
(17 points) 
Less than five values within ± 2 of correct answers
(01 point) 
B. Significance of variance in HPPD  Response is clearly stated and explains some potential details, ramifications, and/or solutions
(68 points) 
Response states some potential details or ramifications
(2–7 points) 
Response is unclear or lacks potential details or ramifications
(02 points) 
C. Implications for nurse leader  Response shows keen understanding of responsibilities of the nurse leader regarding staff budgets
(68 points)

Response shows some knowledge of responsibilities of the nurse leader
(27 points) 
Response fails to demonstrate knowledge of responsibilities of the nurse leader
(01 point) 
Question 4  All columns (except Hours and Salary) totals within ± 2 of correct answers
(1720 Points) 
At least 4 column totals within ± 2 of correct answers
(516 points) 
Less than 4 column totals within ± 2 of correct answers
(04 points) 
Question 5  All columns (except Hours and Salary) totals within ± 2 of correct answers
(1720 points) 
At least 4 column totals within ± 2 of correct answers
(516 points) 
Less than 4 column totals within ± 2 of correct answers
(04 points) 
Questions
1. How many RNs, LVNs, and NAs, by category, are on the staff of 3 West? (Round FTEs to the nearest tenth.) Compute totals for each column. Case Study: Financial Management
Positions  Variable FTEs  % by Position  FTEs by Position 
RN  37.0  .65 

LVN  37.0 


NA  37.0 


Totals 

2. Compute the annual salary budget for 3 West. (Round to the nearest tenth.)
Compute totals for appropriate columns.
Positions  FTEs  Salary  Hours  Salary Subtotals  Benefits  Total 
MANAGER  1.0  77,999  XXXX 



RN  24.1  $36  2080 
























Totals 

XXXXX  XXXXXX 



3. Your hospital unit, 3 West, is a 60bed general medicalsurgical unit. Over the past year, the ADC (Ave. Daily Census) was 54 patients.
Use the following data on 3 West during the last year to perform these calculations and answer these questions.
A. Complete this table to calculate the actual average hours of care required per patient day (HPPD) for the patients in 3 West. Case Study: Financial Management
Acuity Mix  Average Hours of Care Required  Average Daily Census
(ADC) 
Total Hours of Care Per Day 
I  1.4  8 

II  3.9  22 

III  5.6  16 

IV  8.8  8 

Totals 


Hours per patient day (HPPD) 

B. Remember that your established personnel budget for 3 West assumes a HPPD of 5.4. If your calculated HPPD is different, explain the significance of the variance. (If your calculated HPPD is different than 5.4, you must write more than, “We need more/less nurses.”)
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What is the Significance of the variance? If you believe you need more staff, what will be your rationale for making this requires? If you have too much staff, what would your proposal be for bringing your staffing into a better balance? Case Study: Financial Management
C. What are the implications for the Nurse Manager? As an example, based on your conclusions in Section B, what other observations would you make as you review your total budget and what would you expect to see as a result? (HINT: supply costs; overtime hours, average census of 43 on a 45 bed unit, etc.)
4. You have set two new goals for your unit for the next year related to personnel:
· Provide stronger unit management support on evening and night shifts and in the absence of the manager.
· Correct unfavorable efficiency variances due to overtime. Case Study: Financial Management
To accomplish these goals, you plan to make these changes:
· Add 1.0 RN FTE position
· Eliminate 2.2 LVN positions
· Add 2.5 FTEs NA positions
· Add 1.0 Assistant HN position at $65,000/year
Calculate ONLY the cost of the proposed recommendations for 3 West. Compute totals for each column. If the change represents a reduction in the budget for that category, record the total as a negative number. If it represents an increase in the budget for that category, record the total as a positive number. (DO NOT INCLUDE INFORMATION IN Q 2)
Positions  FTEs  Salary  Hours  Salary Subtotals  Benefits  Total 
RN  1.0 





LVN  2.2 





NA  2.5 





AHN  1.0  65,000 




Totals 

XXXXX  XXXXX 



5. Assume your proposal was approved. Calculate the new personnel budget. Compute totals for each column. (ADJUST Q 2 TO INCLUDE RECOMMENDED CHANGES)
Positions  FTEs  Salary  Hours  Salary Subtotals  Benefits  Total 










































Totals 

XXXXX  XXXXX 



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