Epidemiology and nursing research to communicable disease
Write a paper (2,000-2,500 words) in which you apply the concepts of epidemiology and nursing research to a communicable disease. Refer to “Communicable Disease Chain,” “Chain of Infection,” and the CDC website for assistance when completing this assignment.
Communicable Disease Selection
5. Hepatitis B
Epidemiology Paper Requirements
1. Describe the chosen communicable disease, including causes, symptoms, mode of transmission, complications, treatment, and the demographic of interest (mortality, morbidity, incidence, and prevalence). Is this a reportable disease? If so, provide details about reporting time, whom to report to, etc. Epidemiology and nursing research to communicable disease
2. Describe the social determinants of health and explain how those factors contribute to the development of this disease.
3. Discuss the epidemiologic triangle as it relates to the communicable disease you have selected. Include the host factors, agent factors (presence or absence), and environmental factors. Are there any special considerations or notifications for the community, schools, or general population?
4. Explain the role of the community health nurse (case finding, reporting, data collection, data analysis, and follow-up) and why demographic data are necessary to the health of the community. Epidemiology and nursing research to communicable disease
5. Identify at least one national agency or organization that addresses the communicable disease chosen and describe how the organizations contribute to resolving or reducing the impact of disease.
6. Discuss a global implication of the disease. How is this addressed in other countries or cultures? Is this disease endemic to a particular area? Provide an example.
A minimum of three peer-reviewed or professional references is required.
Prepare this assignment according to the guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion. Epidemiology and nursing research to communicable disease
RUBRIC: Overview describing the demographic of interest and clinical description of the communicable disease is presented with a thorough, accurate, and clear overview of all of the clinical descriptors.
Paper comprehensively discusses the determinants of health in relation to the communicable disease, explains their contribution to disease development, and provides evidence to support main points.
The communicable disease is described thoroughly, accurately, and clearly within an epidemiological triangle. A visual description of the triangle and how the components of the model interact is included.
Discussion of the role of the community health nurse is clear, comprehensive, and inclusive of the community nurse’s responsibilities to primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention through tasks such as case finding, reporting, data collection and analysis, and follow-up. A clear explanation of the importance of demographic data to community health is presented. Epidemiology and nursing research to communicable disease
An agency or organization is identified. A clear and accurate description of efforts to address communicable disease is offered.
A discussion of the global implication of the disease is clear, comprehensive, and inclusive with a comprehensive description of how this is addressed in other countries or cultures and if the disease is endemic to a particular area. An example is provided.
Thesis is comprehensive and contains the essence of the paper. Thesis statement makes the purpose of the paper clear. Clear and convincing argument presents a persuasive claim in a distinctive and compelling manner. All sources are authoritative. Writer is clearly in command of standard, written, academic English.
All format elements are correct. Sources are completely and correctly documented, as appropriate to assignment and style, and format is free of error. Epidemiology and nursing research to communicable disease
Communicable diseases are those that can be transmitted from person to person (or animal to human) via direct contact with body fluids, ingesting contaminated food or water, inhalation of contaminated air, or the bite of an infected insect. Bacteria, viruses, and parasites are some of the organisms that can cause communicable diseases. Examples of communicable diseases are Hepatitis B, Salmonellosis, Measles, and West Nile Virus.
Preventing and controlling communicable disease is a necessary and critical aspect of assuring community health, and is an affirmative duty of local public health departments. Protecting the public’s health from communicable disease threats requires a proactive public health disease surveillance system, timely epidemiological assessment, and ongoing disease prevention education.
Because community disease surveillance and control is a critical component of disease prevention, District Health Dept. #10 monitors the occurrence of specific diseases on a community-wide basis. Physicians, laboratories, and schools all report cases of disease to the Health Department. With this information, we can monitor both the incidence (number of new cases) and prevalence (number of existing cases) of disease in the District Health Department #10 jurisdiction.Epidemiology and nursing research to communicable disease
Timely and accurate reporting of communicable disease information thus allows health department personnel to:
- Quickly identify single or multiple cases of disease occurring within a similar location or time
- Identify persons at risk of acquiring or transmitting disease
- Identify care needs and recommend appropriate prevention measures for those affected
- Provide education for future prevention
- Assess the effectiveness of public health disease prevention programs Epidemiology and nursing research to communicable disease
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