HEALTHY BODY SYSTEMS

HEALTHY BODY SYSTEMS

This resource covers the unit HLTAAP001 – Recognise healthy body systems.

This unit describes the skills and knowledge required to work with basic information about the human body and to recognise and promote ways to maintain healthy functioning of the body.

This unit applies to any worker who needs to use and interpret information that includes references to client anatomy and physiology. HEALTHY BODY SYSTEMS

The skills in this unit must be applied in accordance with Commonwealth and State/Territory legislation, Australian/New Zealand standards and industry codes of practice.

ABOUT THIS RESOURCE

This resource brings together information to develop your knowledge about this unit. The information is designed to reflect the requirements of the unit and uses headings to makes it easier to follow.

Read through this resource to develop your knowledge in preparation for your assessment. You will be required to complete the assessment tools that are included in your program. At the back of the resource are a list of references you may find useful to review. HEALTHY BODY SYSTEMS

As a student it is important to extend your learning and to search out text books, internet sites, talk to people at work and read newspaper articles and journals which can provide additional learning material.

Your trainer may include additional information and provide activities. slide presentations and assessments in class to support your learning.

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ABOUT ASSESSMENT

Throughout your training we are committed to your learning by providing a training and assessment framework that ensures the knowledge gained through training is translated into practical on the job improvements.

You are going to be assessed for:

 Your skills and knowledge using written and observation activities that apply

to your workplace.

 Your ability to apply your learning.

 Your ability to recognise common principles and actively use these on the job. HEALTHY BODY SYSTEMS

You will receive an overall result of Competent or Not Yet Competent for the assessment of this unit. The assessment is a competency based assessment, which has no pass or fail. You are either competent or not yet competent. Not Yet Competent means that you still are in the process of understanding and acquiring the skills and knowledge required to be marked competent. The assessment process is made up of a number of assessment methods. You are required to achieve a satisfactory result in each of these to be deemed competent overall.

All of your assessment and training is provided as a positive learning tool. Your assessor will guide your learning and provide feedback on your responses to the assessment. For valid and reliable assessment of this unit, a range of assessment methods will be used to assess practical skills and knowledge. HEALTHY BODY SYSTEMS

Your assessment may be conducted through a combination of the following methods:

 Written Activity

 Case Study

 Observation

 Questions

 Third Party Report HEALTHY BODY SYSTEMS

The assessment tool for this unit should be completed within the specified time period following the delivery of the unit. If you feel you are not yet ready for assessment, discuss this with your trainer and assessor.

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To be successful in this unit you will need to relate your learning to your workplace. You may be required to demonstrate your skills and be observed by your assessor in your workplace environment. Some units provide for a simulated work environment and your trainer and assessor will outline the requirements in these instances.

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E L E M E N T S A N D P E R F O R M A NC E C R I T E R I A

1. Work with information about the human body

1.1 Correctly use and interpret health terminology that describes the normal structure, function and location of the major body systems

1.2 Correctly use and interpret information that relates to the interrelationships between major components of each body system and other structures

2. Recognise and promote ways to support healthy functioning of the body

2.1 Review factors that contribute to maintenance of a healthy body

2.2 Evaluate how the relationships between different body systems affect and support healthy functioning

2.3 Enhance quality of work activities by using and sharing information about healthy functioning of the body

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P E R F O R M A N C E E V I D E N C E A N D K N O W L E D G E E V I D E N C E

This describes the essential knowledge and skills and their level required for this unit.

PERFORMANCE EVIDENCE

The candidate must show evidence of the ability to complete tasks outlined in elements and performance criteria of this unit, manage tasks and manage contingencies in the context of the job role. There must be evidence that the candidate has:

 Worked effectively with information about the human body and its healthy

functioning in at least 3 different situations HEALTHY BODY SYSTEMS

KNOWLEDGE EVIDENCE

The candidate must be able to demonstrate essential knowledge required to effectively complete tasks outlined in elements and performance criteria of this unit, manage tasks and manage contingencies in the context of the work role. This includes knowledge of:

 Basic structure and functions of the body systems and associated HEALTHY BODY SYSTEMS

components, including:

o Cells, tissues and organs

o Cardiovascular system

o Respiratory system

o Musculo-skeletal system

o Endocrine system

o Digestive system

o Urinary system

o Reproductive system

o Integumentary system

o Lymphatic system

o Nervous system, including sensory systems – eye and ear

o The special senses – smell, taste, vision, equilibrium and hearing

o Immune system HEALTHY BODY SYSTEMS

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 Processes, conditions and resources required by the body to support healthy

functioning:

o Body regulation including: HEALTHY BODY SYSTEMS

 Maintenance of body temperature

 Fluid and electrolyte (including PH) balance

 Elimination of wastes from the body

 Maintenance of blood pressure

o Protection from infection

o Physical activity – active and passive

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A S S E S S M E N T C O N D I T I O N S

Skills must have been demonstrated in the workplace or in a simulated environment that reflects workplace conditions. The following conditions must be met for this unit:

 Use of suitable facilities, equipment and resources, including client health

information HEALTHY BODY SYSTEMS

 Modelling of industry operating conditions, including integration of problem-

solving activities

Assessors must satisfy the Standards for Registered Training Organisations (RTOs) 2015/AQTF mandatory competency requirements for assessors

P R E – R E Q U I S I T E S

This unit must be assessed after the following pre-requisite unit:

There are no pre-requisites for this unit.

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T O P I C 1 – W O R K W I T H I N F O R M A T I O N A B O U T T H E H U M A N B O D Y

CORRECTLY USE AND INTERPRET HEALTH TERMINOLOGY THAT DESCRIBES THE NORMAL STRUCTURE, FUNCTION AND HEALTHY BODY SYSTEMS

LOCATION OF THE MAJOR BODY SYSTEMS

ANATOMICAL TERMINOLOGY

Anatomy is the study of the body’s internal and external structures and the physical relationships between them. In the study of Anatomy, it is essential that you are able to express yourself correctly and without confusion. Anatomy uses an international language of terms which enables you to correctly convey information to health care professionals around the world, as well as scholars in basic and applied health sciences. HEALTHY BODY SYSTEMS

As health workers you need to be able to use accepted terminology for several reasons:

 Nurses, doctors, and pharmacists went to different schools and need to be

able to effectively communicate with each other without ambiguity and

confusion

 Imprecise terminology can lead to confusion or incorrect assumptions. Many

specialists and members of the health care team will process the paperwork

of a single patient during a single hospital stay. It is imperative that they all

understand what the true situation is.

 Some terms are simply not acceptable anymore. For example, it is not correct

to refer to someone as “mentally retarded” anymore. It is not acceptable to

refer to homosexuality as a “disease” anymore. This has important

implications for patient perceptions and treatment options.1

As health care workers, you work to improve, support or benefit the physical and psychological well-being of the clients you work for and meet their needs.

1 http://www.answers.com/Q/Why_is_it_necessary_that_health_workers_have_a_basic_un…

http://www.answers.com/Q/Why_is_it_necessary_that_health_workers_have_a_basic_understanding_of_the_fundamental_principles_of_maintaining_a_healthy_body

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Health care workers can, therefore, be:

 Nurses

 Nutritionists or dietitians HEALTHY BODY SYSTEMS

 Community service workers

 Medical practitioners/ advisers

 Leisure and recreational activity providers

 Councilors

 Psychologists

 Therapists

 Physical trainers

They might work in the following fields:

 Disability

 Ageing

 Alcohol and other drugs

 Education

 Palliative care

 Fitness

 Leisure and recreation

 Therapy service areas, e.g., physiotherapy, podiatry, etc.

 Children’s services

 Youth services HEALTHY BODY SYSTEMS

In most roles it is necessary for the health care worker to have at least a rudimentary understanding of a range of medical and health terminology and an understanding of the problems or issues that can impact on people’s physical and psychological health. They should understand anatomy and physiology so they can recognise body systems and their components. This will aid in identifying healthy body systems and those systems that are not functioning well.

It is necessary that health workers have a basic understanding of the fundamental principles of maintaining a healthy body, because by knowing that, they will be able to

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continue working and at same time keep a healthy body throughout their lives. But that basic information is valid not only to workers but also to everyone, from teens to elderly people.2

Health care workers will need to have basic knowledge of the human body systems: HEALTHY BODY SYSTEMS

It is important that health care workers also have an understanding of the human bodies special senses, these are – smell, taste, vision, equilibrium and hearing.

2 http://wiki.answers.com/Q/Why_is_it_necessary_that_health_workers_have_a_basic_understanding_of_th e_fundamental_principles_of_maintaining_a_healthy_body?#slide=1 HEALTHY BODY SYSTEMS

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