Human Needs Theory in Nursing
The case study’s theoretical analysis and evaluation expound how Jerry deems it fit to depict the relationship between the effectiveness of health teaching at home and at the hospital environment. He intends to achieve this objective by gathering data related to the quality of information and professional competencies from the two settings to aid in assessing the utilization of healthcare. Such information is important because of the dire need to utilize the same in reducing the duration taken to deliver home health services, to improve hospital readmissions, and lessening the continued development of complications. Therefore, he uses Maslow’s theory of need, which proclaims that an individual will only continue pursuing growth when his/her personal needs have not been met and he/she will continue seeking development to attain his/her full potential.
Again, the case study presents the concept of theory description, which reviews the works of other theorists based on historical contexts. Again, it depicts the works of other authors to relate the structural and functional assertions of the theory as regards their assumptions, propositions, and concepts. Therefore, we can relate this concept to Virginia’s Henderson Need Theory that prioritizes an increased patient’s independence to eliminate possible problems resulting from delayed progress after hospitalization. Therefore, her theory proposed a substitutive, supplementary, and complimentary nursing care to empower the patient to be independent. Henderson’s need theory relates the ideas of various authors to the unique roles of the caregiver in assisting the patient to effectively undertake activities that contribute to health and recuperation or even peaceful death (Roussel, n.d).
Comparing the Case Study with My Nursing Practice, Giving Examples
I have applied the accurate conceptual framework addressed in the case study to fully accomplish my research project based on existing health promotion models. The ability to relate the key concepts of the model to theoretical assumptions and linkages was as a result of the need to identify criteria and develop mechanisms for better health outcomes (Roussel, n.d). This aligned with Maslow’s propositions of the theory of human need. Therefore, it aided in evaluating the extent to which theories accomplish their missions and recommending possible actions to further develop the theories to attain better nursing results.
Furthermore, I applied the concept of need as depicted by Maslow’s human needs theory in nursing practice. Maslow’s nursing theory takes into account, the needs and goals of patients in every activity and requires that healthcare professionals must always collaborate with their colleagues (Ahtisham & Jacoline, 2015). By so doing, the process of care delivery will focus on patient strengths all over the shift since it will remind clients on improvements. This will motivate patients and address their goals and this will automatically prioritize patient goals and lead to the achievement of consistent results. Precisely, Maslow’s human needs theory informed my knowledge on how to cater to the needs of the patients before meeting any other obligation in healthcare practice (Ahtisham & Jacoline, 2015).
Still, the case study’s theory analysis critically examines the content, structure, and function of the theory to determine if it is applicable in practice, research, or administration (Ahtisham & Jacoline, 2015). Therefore, a clear understanding of the theory facilitates a successful evaluation of the applicability of the theory in the nursing knowledge base. This implies that the theory evaluation is a concept that assesses how the theory can be directly applied in nursing practice and interventions and the analysis of whether or not it leads to favorable outcomes. Therefore, the concept enabled me to relate Henderson’s ideas regarding enabling the patient to gain independence as fast as possible based on individual care programs in real life nursing environment (Kieft, Brouwer, Francke & Delnoij, 2014). I was able to deliver quality healthcare services, ensuring a quicker recovery and in some instances, facilitated peaceful deaths as regards Henderson’s fourteen components of effective nursing care (Kieft, et al, 2014). Hence, the relationship between the human need theory and the depictions of the case study ascertains that recognizing caring needs, delivery, and evaluation of holistic care are based on patient empowerment.
Ideally, the case study provides specific features that clearly characterize significant nursing theories that are applicable to the healthcare system. For instance, it asserts that a valid theory in nursing practice must have a particular scope, complexity, must be useful, testable, and depict specific values of the theorist (Ahtisham & Jacoline, 2015). This implies that it must be able to generate information for use in assessing the patient’s condition to provide criteria for clear recording of useful information with the correct healthcare terminology. Therefore, similar models to gather both dependable and valid information about the patients’ health conditions to advance the value of nursing services (Kieft, et al, 2014). Hence, this concept validates the relevance of both Maslow’s and Henderson’s theories in nursing practice because they arrive at testable hypotheses.
Finally, I applied the theories in nursing practice to avoid probable prejudices and instead, make values and propositions underlying the theories more explicit to meet the desire to satisfy patients’ needs. Therefore, it is evident how I applied the theories to fit nursing practice into the already established theoretical outline through the establishment of positive relationships with the care delivery system. However, it is a good idea to integrate nursing curricula education and practice to align with the needs of the patients and staff to effectively meet clients’ needs (Ahtisham & Jacoline, 2015). This is what Maslow’s human needs model of nursing aims at achieving by its continued emphasis on patients’ challenges that can be lessened by universally meeting their needs.
Ahtisham, Y. & Jacoline, S. (2015). Case Study: Integrating Nursing Theory and Process into Practice; Virginia’s Henderson Need Theory. International Journal of Caring Sciences, Volume 8 Issue 2, pp.443-450.retrieved 10/11/2018 from http://www.internationaljournalofcaringsciences.org/docs/23_ahtisham.pdf
Kieft, R., Brouwer, B., Francke, A. & Delnoij, D. (2014). How nurses and their work environment affect patient experiences of the quality of care: a qualitative study. BMC Health Services Research. BioMed Central Ltd. Retrieved 10/11/2018 from https://bmchealthservres.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1472-6963-14-249
Roussel, L. (n.d). Chapter 2: Concepts and Theories Guiding Professional Practice. Jones and Bartlett Publishers LLC. Retrieved 10/11/2018 from http://www.jblearning.com/samples/0763757144/57144_CH02_018_049.pdf
Also check: Theoretical Basis for Nursing