PEDIATRIC ILLNESS AND CONDITIONS

PEDIATRIC ILLNESS AND CONDITIONS

Nursing Care of the Child With a Respiratory Disorder

1. Gloria is an 8-year-old girl who is admitted to the pediatric unit with a history of cystic fibrosis and difficulty breathing. (Learning Objectives 3, 4, and 6)

a. What would the nurse know to include in the health history?

b. When conducting a physical assessment on Gloria, what will the nurse do in relation to the child’s cystic fibrosis?

c. What tests would the nurse expect to be ordered for Gloria? PEDIATRIC ILLNESS AND CONDITIONS

2. Jimmy Jones, age 6, is diagnosed with asthma. He has been hospitalized for 3 days for an acute exacerbation and is scheduled to go home tomorrow. (Learning Objectives 9 and 10)

a. What would the nurse know to include in a child/family teaching plan?

b. How can asthma affect a child’s self esteem?

Chapter 41: Nursing Care of the Child With a Cardiovascular Disorder

1. Baby boy Ellis, 2 hours old, is being evaluated in the newborn nursery by the nursing staff. Findings include T 37°C; apical heart rate 140 bpm; respirations 58 breaths per minute; BP (arms) 70/47, (calves) 62/39; head circumference 34 cm; chest circumference 31 cm; length 48 cm; weight 2,700 g. The infant is crying. (Learning Objectives 1, 2, 3, 4, and 8)PEDIATRIC ILLNESS AND CONDITIONS

a. Based on the physical findings, what should be the nurse’s priority?

b. What assessments/tests should the nurse expect to be done on this infant?

c. What should the nurse include in the teaching plan for the parents of this infant?

2. Jennifer Collins, 13 years old, is admitted to the pediatric floor with a diagnosis of probable acute rheumatic fever.

a. What would the nurse include when performing an initial assessment?

b. What tests would the nurse expect to be done on Jennifer?

The diagnosis of acute rheumatic fever is confirmed. PEDIATRIC ILLNESS AND CONDITIONS

c. What would the nurse be sure to include in the discharge teaching plan for Jennifer and her family?

Chapter 44: Nursing Care of the Child With a Neuromuscular Disorder

1. Pamela Souza, 6 years old, was born with cerebral palsy. Pamela suffers from general spasticity, mental impairment, impaired vision and hearing, and hydrocephalus. She has been admitted to the pediatric unit for evaluation of intrathecal spasticity control. (Learning Objectives 2, 3, 4, and 6)

a. Identify medications that might be used to help control Pamela’s spasticity.

b. What information would the nurse include in the health history?

c. What nursing interventions would be important in Pamela’s care?

d. What information would be important to include in a teaching plan for Pamela and her family?

2. Kyle Stephens, 15 years old, is brought to the emergency department by ambulance after a diving accident at a local lake. (Learning Objectives 1, 2, 3, 4, and 7) PEDIATRIC ILLNESS AND CONDITIONS

a. What nursing assessments would be important for Kyle?

b. What diagnostic tests would the nurse expect to be ordered for Kyle?

Kyle is found to have crushed vertebrae at the S4-5 level with a partially severed spinal cord.

c. What would be important teaching points for Kyle and his family?

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Chapter 49: Nursing Care of the Child With an Endocrine Disorder

1. Jalissa Twyman, 8 years old, was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit with a closed head trauma after being involved in a bicycle/motor vehicle accident. Jalissa is unconscious. The nurses caring for Jalissa document a weight loss of 1.82 kg over a 24-hour period, decreased skin turgor, and dry mucous membranes. Urine output for the same 24-hour period is 3.5 L/m2. (Learning Objectives 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 7)

a. What further assessments should the nurse perform on Jalissa?

b. What laboratory tests would the nurse expect to be performed on Jalissa?

c. What nursing interventions should be done for Jalissa?

2. Aellai Gianopoulos, 13 years old, is brought to the clinic by her mother, who states that Aellai is losing her hair. Vital signs are as follows: T 98.4°F, HR 85, R 15, BP 121/78. Height is 64 in., and weight is 81.5 kg.

Aellai has an olive complexion marred by acne, large brown eyes, and long black hair that is very thin on the top of her head. Her breasts are small and she has an abundance of hair on her arms and legs. She reached puberty approximately 6 months ago. (Learning Objective 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, and 8) PEDIATRIC ILLNESS AND CONDITIONS

a. What other information should the nurse gather in the health history?

b. What laboratory tests would the nurse expect to be ordered for Aellai?

c. What should the nurse include in the teaching plan for Aellai and her family?

i. Based on the physical findings, what should be the nurse’s priority?

The nurse should first focus on the breathing rate and heartbeat of the child. The baby has a slightly high apical heart rate and temperature. Incorrect. Go review normal VS for a newborn,

Therefore, the baby’s temperature need to be reduced to normal and he also needs to be put on oxygen to help him with breathing until his breathing system has developed fully.

Look at the BPs again.. Why are UE BPs higher then LE? This is the question/

ii. What assessment /tests should the nurse expect to be done on this infant?

Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging,

fetal echocardiogram, the baby is born.. no longer a fetus PEDIATRIC ILLNESS AND CONDITIONS

chest x-ray, pulse oximetry, cardiac catheterization, and electrocardiogram tests are expected to be done on the infant (Hockenberry & Wilson, 2018).

iii. What should the nurse include in the teaching plan for the parents of this infant?

c. Need to answer the above correctly first.

The nurse needs to inform the parents that the child is receiving intravenous (IV) fluids or having adjustments to make his breathing easier. He or she should also assure the parent that their baby is doing well. The nurse should teach the parents on how to care for their child once he is discharged. For example, they should always keep the baby warm to prevent cyanosis, observe the baby keenly and report to the doctor anytime the baby lacks enough oxygen and they should look out for symptoms like blue skin color and difficulty in breathing for this diagnosis, and also understand how to give medicine to the baby (Hockenberry & Wilson, 2018 PEDIATRIC ILLNESS AND CONDITIONS

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