Preventing the spread of COVID-19

Preventing the spread of COVID-19

The Covid-19 disease is a respiratory infection first reported in Wuhan City in China. Its outbreak is related to human beings’ interaction with infected wild bats. The virus spreads from person to person and affects the respiratory tract, causing pneumonia like effects. The associated symptoms include cough, congestion, runny nose, difficulty breathing, fatigue, diarrhea, sore throat, muscle or body aches, loss of taste and conjunctivitis. The infected person displays the symptoms within first 14 days of contact with infected person or surface (Gros et al., 2020). Currently over 14 million people have been infected with the virus, with about six hundred thousand fatalities and 8 million recovered. Preventing the spread of COVID-19

Epidemiological Rationale for Topic (Statistics Related to Topic):

According to medical reports, washing hands, wearing masks, keeping 6 feet social distance, avoiding face touches, and greeting unsafe persons reduces the contraction and spread of the disease by 60%. However, sanitizing the hands using alcohol-based sanitizers every time one handles anything is highly effective. Washing hands washes away the virus from the hands before eating or handling any other item thus reducing spreading to household items. Social distance stops person to person spread while the sanitizer kills the germs on the surfaces of the items or hands thus stopping its spread. Preventing the spread of COVID-19

Teaching Plan Criteria

Your teaching plan will be graded based on its effectiveness and relevance to the population selected. This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

Nursing Diagnosis:

The risk of contracting Covid-19 is high in people of young and advanced ages, and patients with chronic diseases like diabetes, asthma, blood pressure, and cancers. Most people infected are elderly 58 and above years and children ages 0-13 years due to their low immunity and inability to self-protect. Other people in the age bracket of 14 to 57 years might contract the disease but remain asymptomatic (Rothan & Byrareddy, 2020). Preventing the spread of COVID-19

Readiness for Learning: Identify the factors that would indicate the readiness to learn for the target aggregate. Include emotional and experiential readiness to learn.

Factors that would indicate the target aggregate is ready to learn would be asking questions about the teaching rendered. The target aggregate would engage in conversation, demonstrate proper hand washing hygiene, and proper use of masks and maintain social distancing. Emotional readiness would be shown by the staff showing motivation, eagerness to learn.

Learning Theory to Be Utilized: Explain how the theory will be applied.

The teach-back learning theory would be the best method utilized. When the staff can demonstrate and explain the teaching done in their own words will show the education is effective. When the knowledge of the participant is improved, the participants will be more accountable to their own health. The teach-back method encourages efficient self-managing, which in turn heightens the patient’s confidence in the management of health, particularly in performing specific tasks such as hand washing (Tamura-Lis, 2013). Through the teach-back method, I will use materials to teach the hand washing procedure, hand sanitizer and mask wearing in simple terminology to help the participants better understand the teaching. Preventing the spread of COVID-19

Goal: Healthy People 2020 (HP2020) objective(s) utilized as the goal for the teaching. Include the appropriate objective number and rationale for using the selected HP2020 objective (use at least one objective from one of the 24 focus areas). If an HP2020 objective does not support your teaching, explain how your teaching applies to one of the two overarching HP2020 goals.

HC/HIT-12: Increase the proportion of crisis and emergency risk messages intended to protect the public health’s that demonstrate the use of best practices (Healthy People 2020, 2018).

The goal aligns with the HP 2020 objective of improving the people’s health wellbeing though prevention of occurrence of diseases. The goal of the teaching plan is to build awareness on the effective primary prevention of Covid-19 among long-term care residents. The plan also aims at equipping LTCR to respond to the Covid-19 cases effectively while minimizing further spread of the disease. Preventing the spread of COVID-19

How Does This HP2020 Objective Relate to Alma Ata’s Health for All Global Initiatives

COVID-19 is a global pandemic and the objective of both HP2020, and Alma Ata’s Health for All Global Initiative is to contain this disease by preventing the spread of it. In alliance with the HP2020, demonstrating best practices which in this case, are the hand washing practices, wearing masks and maintaining 6 feet social distance in preventing transmission of COVID19 is the goal. To attain optimal health for all countries is the goal of Alma Alta.


Develop Behavioral Objectives (Including Domains), Content, and Strategies/Methods:

Behavioral Objective and Domain

Example – Third-grade students will name one healthy food choice in each of the five food groups by the end of the presentation. (Cognitive Domain)

Content (be specific)

Example – The Food Pyramid has five food groups which are….

Healthy foods from each group are…. Unhealthy foods containing a lot of sugar or fat are….


(label and describe)

Example – Interactive poster presentation of the Food Pyramid. After an explanation of the poster and each food category, allow students to place pictures of foods on the correct spot on the pyramid. Also, have the class analyze what a child had for lunch by putting names of foods on the poster and discussing what food group still needs to be eaten throughout day. Preventing the spread of COVID-19

1. Staff will identify occasions that must lead to hand washing or sanitization




1. Whenever staff visits a public place and handles money or other items used by the public. 1. Poster of proper Handwashing techniques
2. Learning proper hand washing and sanitization technique



2. Demonstrate ideal hand washing techniques or using a sanitizer. 2. Initiate participatory washing of hands and sanitization for at least 20 seconds and make recommendations or corrections. Preventing the spread of COVID-19
3. Identifying other diseases that are prevented by hands washing or sanitization techniques




3. Hand washing and sanitization habits prevent gastrointestinal and respiratory infections 3. Have the attendants observe and visualize germs on their hands.
4. Identify benefits of hand washing, sanitization, mask wearing and social distance. 4. Prevents spread of the germs 4. Use a pamphlet or any pictorial formats to show risks of contracting the virus and benefits of not being infected with the virus.

Creativity: How was creativity applied in the teaching methods/strategies? I will demonstrate how quickly germs can spread with the use of pepper in a bowl of water. I will have participants dip their finger in the bowl of water with pepper in it and then apply a small amount of hand soap and retry to stick the finger with the soap in the bowl with water and pepper. Asking staff to sing Happy Birthday song twice, Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star or ABC song as they wash their hands to ensure they are scrubbing for at least 20 seconds per the CDC guideline. Preventing the spread of COVID-19

Planned Evaluation of Objectives (Outcome Evaluation): Describe what you will measure for each objective and how.

1. Learners should be able to understand prevention measures for spread of Covid-19. The objective will be evaluated using question and answers session.

2. Learners should be able to wear face masks appropriately. The objective will be evaluated by engaging the learners in practical putting on of the masks.

3. Learners should be able to sanitize or wash hands correctly. The objective will be evaluated by engaging the learners in practical hand wash and sanitization. Preventing the spread of COVID-19

4. Learners should be able to approximate and keep 6 feet social distance. The objective will be evaluated by engaging the learners in practical standing or sitting 1.5 m distances from one another.

Planned Evaluation of Goal: Describe how and when you could evaluate the overall effectiveness of your teaching plan.

Learners will be evaluated on the attainment of each objective i.e. Hand washing, Sanitization, proper use of mask and social distance observation.

Planned Evaluation of Lesson and Teacher (Process Evaluation):

I will use a written evaluation form to evaluate if learners took away anything from the learning, ask the participants to demonstrate what was taught and ask them to verbally explain their takeaway from the teaching. Preventing the spread of COVID-19

Barriers: What are potential barriers that may arise during teaching and how will those be handled?

Potential barriers include unwilling to participate in the lesson, poor knowledge on the disease and motivation to learn. The participants level of education, emotional state and religious and culture beliefs may be barriers as well. By using simple terminology will help the participants of all education levels understand. Providing a calm environment conducive to learning and encouraging support may help with participants emotional state. The teacher respecting cultural and religious and providing holistic views will help eliminate such barriers. Preventing the spread of COVID-19

Therapeutic Communication

4.2 Communicate therapeutically with patients.

How will you begin your presentation and capture the interest of your audience? Describe the type of activity will you use with your audience to exhibit active listening? Describe how you applied active listening in tailoring your presentation to your audience? How will you conclude your presentation? What nonverbal communication techniques will you employ?

I will begin my presentation with a few True or False questions and award the participants who answer correctly with a small hand sanitizer. Then I will give them the growing numbers of positive cases of COVID locally and globally. To have the participants be engaged actively in the learning process, I will do the pepper experiment. I will also have them sing the song of choice while washing their hands. I will also show them the amount of hand sanitizer to use to ensure their hands are sanitized. My presentation will conclude with a Q&A session and have them fill out a short survey. Nonverbal cues I will employ will be smiling, clapping, and looking the participants in the eyes as I speak to them. Preventing the spread of COVID-19


De Ceukelaire, W., & Bodini, C. (2020). We Need Strong Public Health Care to Contain the Global Corona Pandemic. International Journal of Health Services, 0020731420916725.

Gros, C., Valenti, R., Valenti, K., & Gros, D. (2020). Strategies for controlling the medical and socio-economic costs of the Corona pandemic. arXiv preprint arXiv:2004.00493.

Rothan, H. A., & Byrareddy, S. N. (2020). The epidemiology and pathogenesis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. Journal of autoimmunity, 102433. Preventing the spread of COVID-19

Tamura-Lis, W. (2013). Teach-back for quality education and patient safety. Urologic Nursing33(6), 267.

Tileston, D. W. (2007). Teaching strategies for active learning: Five essentials for your teaching plan. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press Preventing the spread of COVID-19

Also check: Transcultural Nursing Culture of Care by Madeleine Leininger