Psychotherapy with Groups and Families

Psychotherapy with Groups and Families

The family consisted of 40 -year-old John M, and his wife Mary M., who is 32 years old, and they have no children. The clients were seen in a mental crisis center. Initially, Mr. John had been voluntarily admitted to the unit due passive suicidal thoughts, depression, and alcohol dependence. Mr. John had been recently fired from his job due to showing at work drunk. Couple therapy was recommended to speed up his recovery and maintain sobriety. Psychotherapy with Groups and Families

In the session, Mr. John self-reported mood as depressed, and he acknowledged his drinking problem disrupting his life, and he was prepared to fully participate in the recovery for the sake of his well-being and his marriage. On the hand, his wife Mary, appeared anxious, and frustrated. She blamed the husband for all the misery of the family. She was much worried about their future as the husband had lost his job. However, she was willing to support him in recovery.

Psychiatric History: Mr. John has battling depression for six years, and his PCP prescribed antidepressant (Zoloft) last year but he abruptly stopped taking them as he felt that the medication was affecting his sexuality. He did not follow up with his PCP. He self-medicates with alcohol. His wife reported history of anxiety and occasional panic attacks, she was taking fluoxetine 40mg daily. The medication was prescribed by PCP. Psychotherapy with Groups and Families

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Psychiatric Hospitalization: It was the first time for Mr. John to hospitalized in mental facility.

His wife reported no history of psychiatric hospitalization.

Medical History: They both denied any medical history

Psychosocial History: They both said they smoked marijuana occasionally. The wife works as cashier in a local gas station. They live in a one- bedroom apartment. Psychotherapy with Groups and Families

Differential Diagnosis:

Major Depression Disorder F 32

Mr. John presented with depressed mood and reported history of loss of interest in pleasurable activities, sleep disturbance and suicidal thoughts lasting more than 2 weeks. In addition, to meet the diagnostic criteria the symptoms had caused clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning( American Psychiatric Association, 2013) Psychotherapy with Groups and Families

Alcohol Use disorder AUD

To be diagnosed with an AUD, individuals must meet certain diagnostic criteria. Some of these criteria include problems controlling intake of alcohol, continued use of alcohol despite problems resulting from drinking, development of a tolerance ( Grant& Saha, 2015). Psychotherapy with Groups and Families

Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Ms. Mary exhibited some of the signs of generalized anxiety. Diagnostic criteria symptoms include excessive anxiety and worry as well as restlessness, fatigue, irritability, tension, and sleep problems (Watson& Greenberg, 2017) Psychotherapy with Groups and Families

Ethical and Ethical Implications of Counselling the Couple

  Family members often experience resentment about past substance abuse and fear and distrust about the possible return of substance abuse in the future (O’ Farrell& Fals-Stewart, 2013)In the case of John and Mary, there is a higher probability that there will be uncertainty and distrust during the recovery. It may be unethical to tell directly his wife that her anxiety and blame towards her husband may demoralize him and impede the recovery. However, it may be beneficial as feelings experienced by the substance abuser and the family often lead to an atmosphere of tension and unhappiness in couple and family relationships( O’Farrell & Fals-Stewart, 2013).  Psychotherapy with Groups and Families

References

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Major Depressive Disorder. Retrieved from https://images.pearsonclinical.com/images/assets/basc-3/basc3resources/DSM5_DiagnosticCriteria_MajorDepressiveDisorder.pdf Psychotherapy with Groups and Families

Frisch, N. C., & Frisch, L. E. (2011). Psychiatric mental health nursing (4th ed.). Clifton Park, NY: Delmar Pub. Psychotherapy with Groups and Families

Grant, B., & Saha, T. (2015). Epidemiology of DSM-5 Alcohol Use Disorder Results From the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions III. Jama Psychiatry72(8). Retrieved from https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapsychiatry/fullarticle/2300494

Nichols, M. (2013). The Essentials of Family Therapy (6th ed.). United States: Pearson Education. Psychotherapy with Groups and Families

O’Farrell, T. J., & Fals-Stewart, W. (2013). Behavioral Couples Therapy for Alcoholism and Other Drug Abuse. Alcoholism Treatment Quarterly26(1-2), 195-219. Retrieved from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3215582/ Psychotherapy with Groups and Families

Watson, J. C., & Greenberg, L. S. (2017). Emotion-focused therapy formulation of generalized anxiety disorder. American Psychology Association54(4), 17-40. Retrieved from https://eds-b-ebscohost-com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/eds/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?vid=9&sid=0ff11f46-f73e-4f63-8578-ad65a99c45c2%40pdc-v-sessmgr05 Psychotherapy with Groups and Families

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