Transcultural Nursing Culture of Care by Madeleine Leininger

Transcultural Nursing Culture of Care by Madeleine Leininger

The Culture care theory: a major contribution to advance transcultural nursing knowledge and practice article by Madeleine Leininger elaborated about the importance and evolvement of culture based nursing and how it can affect the future of nursing. Culturally competent healthcare professionals are the major factors in increasing patient satisfaction and reducing the different causes of disparities such as gender, races and health complications (Purnell, 2009). Have you ever wondered how much intricacy in healthcare we can avoid and cost we can save if we equipped our healthcare personnel to be competent in caring a diverse population? Transcultural Nursing Culture of Care by Madeleine Leininger

The article focused on the major and unique features of the culture care diversity and universality theory as a major reinforcement to increase advance transcultural nursing knowledge and to use the results in education, practice, research and collaboration. The theory has remained one of the oldest, most holistic and most comprehensive to produce wisdom to differentiate and recognize the similarities of cultures worldwide. The theory has been a great tool to explore the unknown knowledge in the world of nursing and health care. The assurance to provide transcultural congruent nursing care, competent and safe was made possible by the theory. The central purpose of the theory is to explore and understand various and common culturally based circumstance affecting the health, well-being, illness, or death of people (Leininger, 2002). Some of the feature of the theory is that it is the most holistic and multidimensional to discover specific culturally based care practices. It has abstract and practical features to deliver culturally congruent care. Transcultural Nursing Culture of Care by Madeleine Leininger


With the many tragic events happening around the world, the importance of understanding of transcultural violence, racism, hatred and killing of innocent people should be a priority. The amount of troubles we can avoid would be significant if we have the knowledge to care for the diverse society. The article has proven strong correlation about the transcultural theory and patient satisfaction. Transcultural Nursing Culture of Care by Madeleine Leininger


Gustafson, D. (2005). Transcultural Nursing Theory from a Critical Cultural Perspective. Advances in Nursing Science28, 2-16.

Purnell, L. D. (2014). GUIDE TO Culturally Competent Health Care (3rd ed.). Retrieved from Digital Bookshelf. Retrieved from:!/4/2/2@0:74.4

Transcultural Nursing Theory Article Review 2

“Culture is defined as a composite of multiple differences producing, individual identity” (Gustafson, 2005, p. 2). We have established in many situations especially in nursing that being culturally competent is important to reach a successful outcome. Culturally competent is an individual who possess a set of skills, attitudes and communication ability to work harmonically with clients and families from diverse backgrounds. A health care professional who has a good understanding of her own culture, beliefs, values and their clients is in a good position to increase opportunity to promote health and wellness, prevent injuries and restore health and wellbeing (Purnell, 2014). Transcultural Nursing Culture of Care by Madeleine Leininger

The article “Transcultural Nursing Theory from a Critical Cultural Perspective” by Diana Gustafson, identified two problems of the transcultural nursing theory. The author believes that the transcultural nursing theory works from a liberal perspective. It concentrates on a broadly defined limited concept of culture. Although the transcultural nursing theory shapes the nursing program and institutional policy, the author identified two problems in the theory. First the social and political framework of transcultural nursing theory misrepresent the suitable nursing care in a broadly defined but narrow concept of culture. Secondly, it is inaccurate because it roots from a liberal and depoliticizing point of view that maintains rather than separate the primary ways of approaching the human irregularities. Transcultural Nursing Culture of Care by Madeleine Leininger


It is important to treat client in a holistic way; addressing all their needs in every aspect. The physical, mental, social, spiritual and cultural demands of patients and families will vary from one another. Self-awareness of our own values, beliefs and culture and a better understanding of multicultural diversities will assist us in promoting health, wellness and a state of equilibrium. Transcultural Nursing Culture of Care by Madeleine Leininger


Busher Betancourt, Daniel A. 2015. Madeleine Leininger and the Transcultural Theory

of Nursing. The Downtown Review, Volume 2 Issue 1 Article 1. Retrieved from Transcultural Nursing Culture of Care by Madeleine Leininger

Transcultural Nursing Theory Article Review 3

In 2015, Daniel Busher Betancourt’s article for The Downtown Review, he examined Madeleine Leininger’s Theory of Transcultural Nursing. He explored her principles and how they are relevant to past present and future nursing. Within his article he also determined how this theory affected his current nursing practice.

Betancourt explains that Leininger’s theory helps to layout the nurse patient relationship more thoroughly. The nurse is at the bedside with the patient more often than any other medical personnel and is the one who implements the care of the patient. The objective for a nurse is for him or her to engulf him or herself into acquiring a thorough knowledge of cultures and the diversities that exist. Following the acquisition of this knowledge, the nurse must implement care that follows the cultural practices of the patient and to the patient’s standards. Transcultural Nursing Culture of Care by Madeleine Leininger


The author further states that with the globalization of healthcare the importance of transcultural nursing is growing rapidly. Nurses have the benefit of meeting people from many different countries and backgrounds. While patients get benefit from the nursing care, the nurse also gains benefit from giving culturally sensitive care. Nurse provide interventions that cause curing but there can be no curing without care, and no care without being culturally sensitive to the patient’s needs. When a patient requires care outside the usual realm of care, nurse need to communicate with the patient and provide and accommodate what they can.

The author of this article clearly states and explains the Theory of Transcultural Nursing by Madeleine Leininger. He identifies the key feature and a clear understanding of her message about the advantages of providing care congruent with the cultural needs of the patient. Since Betancourt is of Puerto Rican descent, he could provide a personal perspective of the significance of living in an environment that is not of his cultural majority. Transcultural Nursing Culture of Care by Madeleine Leininger


I believe it is critical for nurses to gain knowledge of their patients’ cultural realities to provide the very best care for their patients. I believe we are living in a world that enables us to encounter patients of many different cultural back grounds, and that our sensitivities to the patients must include acknowledgements of cultural needs to meet not only physical needs of the patients but also emotional needs. Transcultural Nursing Culture of Care by Madeleine Leininger


Murphy, Sharon C. 2006. Mapping the Literature of Transcultural Nursing. Journal of the

Medical Library Association, Volume 94. Retrieved from

Transcultural Nursing Theory Article Review 4 Transcultural Nursing Culture of Care by Madeleine Leininger

Cultural care is not simply being aware of the need for culturally sensitive care but engaging in understanding and educating yourself to this care. Knowing as a nurse you need to provide holistic care is not enough. We, as nurses, must never stop educating ourselves and other nurses on the importance and existence of different cultural practices. We must know, largely know, and vaguely know cultural practices.

The author of this article, Sharon C. Murphy, identifies the need to implement a process for educating and expanding nurse’s knowledge of transcultural care; the basis for Madeleine Leininger’s theory. This article identifies the role of transcultural nurses. According to Murphy, nurses are open to new and current cultural care symbols, expressions, and meanings. Murphy proposes in her article that transcultural care has become recognized as one of the most rapidly growing and important aspects as the global community as it becomes more closely tied and complex. In the past thirty years nursing leaders and educators have identified this as a major part of education for nurses, as well as an urgent need for expansion. The article referenced the lack of citations relevant to transcultural nursing with the bulk of citations being during the years 1982-2000. The author also refers to the major contributors as being from the United States. This shows the recent trend in acceptance to cultural nursing, but it also identifies the need to expand both locally in the United States but also in other nations Transcultural Nursing Culture of Care by Madeleine Leininger